Important Grooming Basics Every Dog Owner Should Know

Just like people, dogs require physical maintenance in order to look and feel their best. Therefore, as a dog owner, it’s very important that you learn how much grooming your dog really needs. This usually depends on the specific breed you own and his hair type. Here are some of the most important dog grooming basics you should know:

Hair Brushing

Brushing your dog’s hair helps to maintain a healthy coat while at the same time, strengthening the bond between you and him. The minimum brushing needs of a dog depend on the type of hair it has. Follow these guidelines when brushing your dog’s hair:

Long-haired dogs need daily brushing to help prevent matting and tangling of hair. Medium-haired dogs may also be prone to tangles and matting, therefore, they should be brushed at least once a week. Dogs with short hair should be brushed once every month.

If your dog enjoys brushing, you can brush him or her every day regardless of his hair type. This is important especially during shedding season to prevent excess shedding and hair build-up.

Nail Trimming

Nail trimming when done incorrectly, can hurt your dog, and that’s why most dogs detest the process. It’s vital therefore to learn either from a vet or groomer how to trim nails correctly and cautiously.

A monthly trim is considered sufficient for most dogs, but depending on the growth rate of your dog’s nails, this may be more or less. Alternatively, you may consider filing down the nails using a rotary tool instead of trimming as it’s not painful.


Bathing time isn’t fun for most dogs, especially those that aren’t used to it. However, if you know how to do it properly, you can make the experience more enjoyable for both of you.

A monthly bath is adequate for most dogs. Ensure you use soap-free shampoos that are specifically made for dogs. Your vet may also recommend that you use a specific shampoo when your dog has a certain health problem on his coat or skin. Be sure to follow all the instructions given by the vet.

Ear Care

If not kept clean, your dog’s ears can be a haven for yeast and bacteria. Therefore, if he has healthy ears, you need to clean them once during the monthly bath. However, if your dog has ear problems, you’ll need to clean him multiple times daily. Foul odor and excess debris are some of the signs of an ear problem. Ensure you see a vet to diagnose what the exact problem is and prescribe the right medications for him.


Your dog’s hair is constantly growing and needs to be cut every 2-4 weeks depending on the breed you own. Usually, this task is left for professional groomers, but you can also do it personally if you learn the basic maintenance haircuts from a dog grooming school.

As a dog owner, you should make it your responsibility to groom your dog properly. He or she will surely thank you for taking good care of him or her.